Thursday, 25 August 2011
Previous Skill: Adjectives and Adverbs (Skill 24)
Generally an adverb rather than an-adjective will come directly after a verb because the adverb is describing the verb.
- In this example, the verb spoke is followed by the adverb nicely. This adverb describes the verb spoke.
However, you must be very careful if the verb is a linking verb. A linking verb is followed by an adjective rather than an adverb.
- In this example, the linking verb looks is followed by the adjective nice. This adjective describes the subject she.
You should be sure to use an adjective rather than an adverb after a linking verb. Be careful, however, because the adjective that goes with the linking verb does not always directly follow the linking verb.
- In this example, the adjective nice, which describes the subject he, is itself described by the adverb unusually. From this example, you should notice that it is possible to have an adverb directly after a linking verb, but only if the -adverb describes an adjective that follows.
These sentences show the types of errors with linking verbs that are common on the TOEFL test.
The test looks easily* to me.
Sally feels unbelievable* happy about the news.
- In the first example, the linking verb looks should be followed by the adjective easy rather than the adverb easily.
- In the second example, the linking verb feels is followed by the adjective happy. The incorrect adjective unbelievable should be the adverb unbelievably because it describes the adjective happy.
EXERCISE 25: Each of the following sentences contains at least one adjective or adverb. Indicate if the sentences are correct (C) or incorrect (I).
1. Kathy looks gorgeously in that dress. (I)
- Looks is linking Verb and should be followed by adjective gorgeous, not gorgeously.
- So, the correct sentence should be Kathy looks gorgeous in that dress.
- grown is regular verb and followed by adverb, considerably. So it is correct.
- walk is regular verb and rapid is adjective. Rapid should be rapidly. So it incorrect.
- The correct sentence should be Steve walked rapidly to the corner to catch the bus.
- became is linking verb and sick is adjective. So , it is correct.
- closed is regular verb and careful is adjective. So it is incorrect.
- careful should be carefully (Adverb)
6. Tom appeared rather unhappily at what had happened.(I)
- appeared is linking verb and unhappily is adverb, So it is incorrect.
- unhappily should be happy (adjective)
- sang is regular verb and enthusiastically is adverb. SO it is correct.
- tastes is linking verb and salty is adverb. So it is incorrect.
- the correct sentence should be The soup tastes too salt.
- seemed is linking verb and easily is adverb. So it is incorrect.Easily should be easy (adjective)
- The correct sentence should be The book seemed easy for the students.
- set is regular verb and slow is adjective. So it incorrect. Slow should be slowly (Adverb).
- The correct sentence should be ......., the sun set slowly.....
To Get the book, click here.
Next Article: TOEFL REVIEW EXERCISE (Skill 24-25)